ACTA Pharmaceutica Sciencia 2018 , Vol 56 , Num 1
Proposal for an "Althaeae flos (marshmallow flower)" Monograph set-up based on European Pharmacopoeia Template and Quality Evaluation of Commercial Samples
Esra Saçıcı 1 Erdem Yeşilada 1
1 Yeditepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.23893/1307-2080.APS.05603 Although marshmallow flowers are used more frequently than leaves and roots, only Althaeae folium and Althaeae radix monographs exist in European Pharmacopoeia. The aim of study was to set standards for marshmallow flowers which will be used for its quality assessment. Althaeae flos monograph was prepared based on the main principles described in European Pharmacopoeia for herbal drugs. After setting the limits, the specifications of 33 marshmallow samples purchased from herbal markets were studied to determine their suitability for the proposed monograph. Results have shown that all the commercial samples were obtained not from Althaea, but Alcea species, a close gender, based on the flowers size. Since main characteristics of both flowers were determined to be identical, this would not rise a problem. However, residual parts of insects or snails were found in 28 samples and thus they were evaluated unacceptable to be used in phytotherapy. Keywords : Althaeae flos, marshmallow flower, Malvaceae, monograph, quality

Istanbul Medipol University